Our team of specialists and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you. Or, for a more comprehensive search of our entire Web site, enter your term(s) in the search bar provided.
What is a Podiatrist?
When To Call a Doctor
Basic Foot Care Guidelines
Peroneal Tendon Dislocation/Dysfunction
Xanthomas of the Achilles Tendon
General Information and Tips
Pain Management for Specific Conditions
Nerve Surgery (Neuroma)
Fitness and Your Feet
General Information About Fitness and Your Feet
Exercise Those Toes!
Fitness And Your Feet
Walking and Your Feet
Anatomy of a Shoe
Athletic Shoe Guidelines
Corrective and Prescription Shoes
What To Look For
Getting a Proper Fit
The foot is made up of 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles, and numerous tendons. Complex biomechanics keep all these parts in the right position and moving together. Given these intricacies, it is not surprising that most people will experience some problem with their feet at some time in their lives.
Within each foot, the essential structure can be summed up as follows:
- Seven short tarsal bones make up the heel and back of the instep.
- Five metatarsal bones spread from the back of the foot toward front and make up the structure for the ball of the foot. Each metatarsal is associated with one of the toes.
- Fourteen phalanges, small bones, form the toe structure.
- Tarsal and metatarsal bones provide the structure for the arch of the foot.
- Bands of ligaments connect and hold all the bones in place.
- A thick layer of fatty tissue under the sole helps absorb the pressure and shock that comes from walking and everyday movements.